“LAW” is the basic part of our constitution. The law education is the only legal education in India. The student who passed this degree, designated as the “Lawyer” and that have to be done before the entry in the court activities and practice.
In the year 1985, the “Law Commission of India” has decided to establish a University for Law Education to raise the academic standard of the legal profession in India. Thereafter the first law University in India was established in Bangalore named as “National Law School of India University” popularly known as the “NLS”. It was the time when the first LLB degree was started in India.
The Law as an education offered in India in the year 1987 as a three-year degree programme granted under the Advocate Act, 1961. The BCI (Bar Council of India) is the main regulatory body of Law education.
Law is one of the career-oriented courses after 12th. In India, the student can pursue the legal degree after the completion of the graduation in any discipline. India has a great demand of skilled lawyer as per the survey done by the Bar Council of India. Only 20% of the Indian law students are eligible to work in court.
A law student can be a public prosecutor, solicitor general or a part of private legal firms after gaining experience. The law students can appear the exam conducted by the Public Service Commissions and get the position of Judge. A good lawyer can work in ministry, government departments and various legal advice organizations.
There is a good prospect to work in UK and the US. The law of India is just similar to the law of UK. The firms and UK government offers the Indian students to work with them as legal concern.
Eligibility and Admission Procedure
Student can go for law courses with any stream (Science stream/ Commerce stream / Arts stream) in 12th.
The students, who wish to get the admission in law, have to appear in CLAT (Common Law Admission Test). CLAT is conducted for admission to National Law Universities (NLUs) and various other institutions. Through CLAT, students are admitted in Integrated L.L.B and L.L.M courses.
BCI provides “Certificate of Practice” to the candidates after completing LL.B. To practice in the profession of law and to receive certificate, it is mandatory for the candidates to qualify All India Bar Examination (AIBE).
Students who wish to pursue law courses from foreign Universities/institutions can apply for LSAT. The admission in the Jindal Law Global School is done through the LSAT (Law School Admission Test) conducted by the Law School Admission Council, USA.
In the case of integrated B. Sc – LL. B or other integrated 5-year course, candidates must have completed their higher secondary from a recognised board. In the case of LL. B course admission, applicants must have completed their degree in any discipline. When it comes to admission procedure, most colleges accept CLAT score in India. However, some universities also conduct their own entrance examinations for admission of students to the legal courses. Apart from CLAT, some of the private and autonomous universities conduct their own admission test.
Some popular law entrance exams are listed below:
AIBE or All India Bar Examination
AIL or Army Institute of Law B.A. LL.B Entrance Test
Law School Admission Test or LSAT
AILET or All India Law Entrance Test
Delhi University Law Entrance Test
Aligarh Muslim University Law Entrance Test
Banaras Hindu University UG Entrance Test
BVP CET Law
Courses & Duration
Under Graduate Courses
Bachelor of Laws (LLB) – 3 Years
LLB is the First Professional Degree in Law originating in England as a degree which allows a person to become a Lawyer.
Integrated Degrees – 5 Years
B.A. LL.B. (Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Laws)
B.Sc. LL.B. (Bachelor of Sciences, Bachelor of Laws)
BBA. LLB. (Bachelor of Business Administration, Bachelor of Laws)
B.Com. LL.B (Bachelor of Commerce, Bachelor of Laws)
B.L.S. LL.B. (Bachelor of Legal Science, Bachelor of Laws)
Integrated Undergraduate Degrees are mostly offered in Autonomous Law Schools with the aim to create lawyers from all branches. Integrated law not only enhances your business skill but also expertise in the desired field.
Master of Laws (LLM) – 1 or 2 Years
LLM is a more academically focused course, relying on theory more than practice, in regards to the Legal Sector.
Master of Business Law (MBL)– 1 or 2 Years
MBL aims to familiarize the students with the business skills and knowledge of commercial elements of law that might be considered useful for a career in business and/or as an entrepreneur.
Integrated Degrees – 3 Years
MBL-LLM (Master of Business Law, Master of Laws)
MBA-LLM (Master of Business Administration, Master of Laws)
It is a double degree integrated course with specialisation in business law.
Doctor of Philosphy (PhD)
A PhD in Law involves research and an academic approach to Law study. A wide range of research areas is available for a PhD Law program, including international law, comparative law, human rights law, maritime law, international environmental law, and more.
Apart from these courses, candidates can specialise themselves in a specific field of law by taking up Diploma courses like:
Diploma in Civil Law
Diploma in Criminal Law
Diploma in Corporate Law
Diploma in Cyber Law
Diploma in Labor Law
Diploma in International Economic Law
PG diploma courses are such specialisations and certificate courses are also offered in India.